Ubuntu OS – Speed Up for Improved Performance & Advanced Techniques to Unleash Peak Performance
Ubuntu is one of the most popular and widely used Linux distributions, known for its stability, security, and user-friendly interface. However, as with any operating system, over time, you might notice a decrease in performance due to accumulated clutter, unnecessary processes, or system configurations.
Speeding Up Your Ubuntu OS for Improved Performance
Fortunately, there are several effective methods to speed up your Ubuntu OS and regain that snappy, responsive experience. In this article, we’ll explore some useful strategies to optimize your Ubuntu system for better performance.
Keep Your System Updated
The first step to improving performance is ensuring that your Ubuntu OS is up-to-date. Regular system updates not only bring new features and security patches but also fix bugs and improve overall system performance. To update your system, use the following commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt dist-upgrade
However, if you have dual boot enabled in your system with older Windows versions, like Windows 7, updating Ubuntu OS may not be a good option.
Choose a Lightweight Desktop Environment
Ubuntu offers several desktop environments, such as GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and more. Each environment has its unique set of features and system requirements. If you’re looking for a faster and more lightweight experience, consider using a desktop environment like Xfce or LXQt. These environments consume fewer system resources and are better suited for older hardware.
To install Xfce, use the following command:
sudo apt install xfce4
After installing, log out, click on the gear icon on the login screen, and choose Xfce as your desktop environment.
Disable Unnecessary Startup Applications
Many applications automatically start when you log in, consuming valuable system resources. To disable unnecessary startup applications, open “Startup Applications” from the application menu. Review the list of startup applications and disable those that you don’t need at every boot.
Manage System Services
Ubuntu runs several background services by default. While some are essential for the system’s proper functioning, others might be unnecessary for your needs. You can use the “systemctl” command to manage services. For instance, to disable the Bluetooth service, use:
sudo systemctl disable bluetooth
Remember to only disable services that you are certain you won’t need.
Zswap is a kernel feature that compresses and caches data in RAM, reducing the need to swap data to the slower disk storage. This can significantly improve system responsiveness, especially on systems with limited RAM. To enable Zswap, open the terminal and enter:
sudo nano /etc/default/grub
Find the line that starts with “GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT” and add “zswap.enabled=1” to the options. Save the file and update GRUB with:
While the visual effects in Ubuntu can be aesthetically pleasing, they can also impact system performance. To disable animations, open Terminal and enter the following command:
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface enable-animations false
To enable animations use the following command in Terminal
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface enable-animations true
Clean Up Disk Space:
Over time, your system can accumulate unnecessary files, taking up valuable disk space. Use the following commands to remove cached packages, old kernels, and unneeded packages:
sudo apt autoremove
sudo apt autoclean
sudo apt clean
Utilize Lightweight Applications:
Consider using lightweight alternatives for resource-intensive applications. For example, replace the resource-heavy web browser with a more lightweight one like Firefox or Chromium. Additionally, you can opt for lightweight office suites like AbiWord and Gnumeric instead of LibreOffice.
By following these you can improve speed in your Ubuntu OS and enjoy a smoother, more responsive computing experience. Remember that the impact of each optimization may vary depending on your hardware and the specific use case. It’s always a good idea to measure the impact of changes to ensure they suit your needs. With a little maintenance and optimization, you can keep your Ubuntu system running efficiently for a long time to come.
Advanced Techniques to Turbocharge Your Ubuntu OS
Enable Trim for SSDs
If you are using a Solid-State Drive (SSD) as your primary storage, enabling Trim can significantly enhance performance and prolong the life of your SSD. Trim ensures that the OS informs the SSD which data blocks are no longer in use, allowing the drive to perform cleanup operations more efficiently. To enable Trim, open a terminal and enter the following command:
sudo systemctl enable fstrim.timer
Preload is a daemon that analyzes your most frequently used applications and libraries, preloading them into memory at system startup. By doing so, it reduces the loading time of these applications when you actually use them. Install Preload using the following command:
sudo apt install preload
Harness the Power of zRam
zRam, also known as compressed swap, creates a compressed block device in RAM that serves as a swap space. This can be especially beneficial for systems with limited RAM, as it reduces the need for swapping data to slower disk storage. To enable zRam, use the following command:
sudo nano /etc/default/zswap
Change the value of “ENABLED” to “1” and save the file.
Optimize the I/O Scheduler:
Ubuntu uses the Completely Fair Queuing (CFQ) I/O scheduler by default, which works well for most systems. However, for SSDs, you can achieve better performance by switching to the Deadline or the Noop scheduler. To change the scheduler, use the following command:
echo deadline | sudo tee /sys/block/sdX/queue/scheduler
echo noop | sudo tee /sys/block/sdX/queue/scheduler
Replace “sdX” with the appropriate drive identifier (e.g., sda, sdb, etc.)
Optimize Swap Usage
By default, Ubuntu sets the swapiness value to 60, which means it starts swapping data to disk even when there is still plenty of RAM available. You can adjust this value to make the system more RAM-centric. A lower value, such as 10, will use swap space only when RAM usage is critical. To change the swapiness value, use the following command:
sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf
Add the following line at the end of the file:
Save the file and apply the changes with:
sudo sysctl -p
Tweak the CPU Governor
Ubuntu’s default CPU governor is “ondemand,” which dynamically scales the CPU frequency based on the system load. However, if you desire consistent performance, you can switch to the “performance” governor. To do so, enter the following command:
echo performance | sudo tee /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*/cpufreq/scaling_governor
Consider Using Lightweight Window Managers
If you are looking for the utmost performance gains and have no need for a full-fledged desktop environment, consider using lightweight window managers like i3, Openbox, or Awesome. These window managers are minimalistic and highly customizable, leading to reduced resource consumption and increased responsiveness.
By implementing these advanced techniques, you can take your Ubuntu OS to new heights of speed and efficiency. From optimizing storage and memory usage to fine-tuning CPU and I/O settings, these methods can significantly enhance your overall computing experience. Remember that while these tweaks are generally safe, it’s essential to exercise caution and back up critical data before making any significant changes to your system. With a well-optimized Ubuntu OS, you’ll enjoy a lightning-fast, responsive, and seamless computing experience like never before.